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Photo by  John Salvino  on  Unsplash did not just appear out of the blue, is a natural evolvement of over 100 years of technical solutions for team management.

Team management was always a challenge especially when your team is remote and mobile. The traditional solution had always been  a vast investment in training (hoping team member will be knowledgeable enough to make the right decisions while disconnected)  and pouring mid level management which was responsible for the connection between management level and the field team workers.

from the beginning of the twenty century, there is a continuous effort to harness technology to improve team management operations.

It started with basic radio communication that was first used between ships and the military but over the 30th of the previous century extended to the commercial world. Over half a century two-way radio communication was the latest and the greatest for team management and companies like Motorola had become to the unicorns of that age.

Two-way radio communication was a real revolution. Now you could immediately know what’s going on ( called “situational awareness”) and direct your team online. But there were problems: limited range, limited network capacity, and expensive handsets.

When the cellular was developed, in the nineties, many of the requirements were answered. The range was no longer a problem and so does the capacity and the handset cost.

Nevertheless, the need for group talk and an immediate connection was still required for many of the applications and for that purpose Motorola had developed the IDEN network (also called TETRA) which enjoyed both worlds of wide geographical coverage and immediate connection and group broadcasting.

But still,  there were many problems to solve when managing large teams: Understanding what’s going on, became a cognitive challenge and the same goes to distributing efficiently and correctly the directions to the entire team.

When mobile computers became popular, relevant applications started developing in the paramilitary and military markets answering this simple need for creating “situational awareness” (whats going on) and giving simple commanding capabilities (often called Command and control systems)